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Michigan Speech and Sensory Center

HOME | Office Information | Contact Information and Directions | PAYMENTS | Privacy Statement | Legal Disclaimer | Central Nervous System | BRAIN WAVES | Neurofeedback | Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation (CES) | Microcurrent Electrical Stimulation | Surface EMG | Child ADD/ADHD Self Assessment | Adult ADD self Assessment | Anxiety Self Assessment Questionnaire | Test Anxiety Assessment | Depression Screening Questionaire | Natural Treatments | DHA | MMR and Autism | Autism Assessment | NEUROFEEDBACK Article Links | Minor Traumatic Brain Injury | WebMD on Neurofeedback | ADD/ADHD/LD | Links
      Welcome to our Website!
Choosing a Speech Therapist or a Neurofeedback Practioner is one of the most important decisions you can make. You want someone who is caring, accessible and knowledgeable. Someone who is willing to take the time to go over all of your options and treat you as a person, not just a patient.

At our practice, we pride ourselves on our patient service. We offer a knowledgeable staff, safe and proven procedures, and the latest in the field of Speech Pathology and Neurofeedback.

We will use our temporary  website to introduce you to Speech and Language Therapy, Therapeutic Listening, and an  innovative therapy that is  known as Neurofeedback. The Complementary Modality  of Neurofeedback is also known as EEG Biofeedback, or Neurotherapy is  a drug free, noninvasive, painless, safe  form of therapy that has been available for over 30 years.

     Speech-Language Pathology

Speech-Language Pathologists (SLPs), who are often informally known as speech therapists, are professionals educated in the study of human communication, its development, and its disorders.

By assessing the speech, language, cognitive-communication, and swallowing skills of children and adults, speech-language pathologists can determine what types of communication problems exist and the best way to treat these challenges.

Speech-Language Pathologists typically treat problems in the areas of articulation; dysfluency; oral-motor, speech, and voice; and receptive and expressive language disorders.

                 Therapeutic Listening

Therapeutic Listening  is a technique of complementary medicine that uses music in a skilled manner. Therapeutic Listening Programs are designed to help patients overcome physical, emotional, intellectual, and social challenges. Applications range from improving the well being of geriatric patients in nursing homes to lowering the stress level and pain of women in labor. Music  is used in many settings, including schools, rehabilitation centers, hospitals, hospice, nursing homes, community centers, and sometimes even in the home.


What is Neurofeedback?
Neurofeedback  is  a painless, non-invasive,  learning strategy that enables a person to alter their brain waves in order to improve attention, reduce impulsivity, and to control hyperactive behaviors. It is based on  the Basic Principles  of Operant Conditioning  and Learning Theory .
Neurofeedback is based on electrical brain activity, the EEG or electroencephalogram.  The user is provided  with realtime feedback on brainwave  activity, when the desired brain activity is achieved  a positive "reward" feedback is  given to the individual,  all  the while blocking or inhibiting the undesired brain wave activity.  
Like the acquisition  any skill this is a gradual learning process. It applies to any aspect of brain function that we can measure.
How Does Neurofeedback  Work? 
Brainwave activity is measured with an electroencephalograph (EEG). The EEG Biofeedback equipment is connected to the individual with sensors that are placed on the scalp and ears. The sensors are safe, do not prick the skin, and are painless. After adequate connection to the scalp and ears are made, the individual's brainwave activity can be observed on a computer monitor.
Clients are then taught to play computerized games using their brainwave activity. Changes in client brainwave activity are fed back to the individual through visual and/or auditory information by the computer. One example is a game where clients move a figure through a maze (similar to the popular pac-man game). The figure does not move because of the client's motor activity (e.g., pushing a button or moving a stick). Instead, the figure moves whenever the client produces specific brainwave patterns. When desired levels of brainwave activity occur, the individual is reinforced, because the figure moves through the maze.
By this method, clients learn to change brainwave activity. Clients also practice maintaining learned brainwave states when engaged in school- or work-related tasks (e.g., reading, writing). This will help them use what they learned in Neurofeedback  in their daily activities.
 For a demonstration  click on link provided  courtesy of Web MD:

Neurofeedback an Effective Complementary Modality
Neurofeedback is an effective complementary  modality for addressing such  conditions as  the Anxiety-Depression Spectrum, Attention Defict Disorder,  Headaches, Migraines, and Relaxation- Stress Management.  It is also showing promise  for  other conditons such as the Autism Spectrum, Drug Detoxification or as Cognitive  Enhancement Training for  Optimal Cognitive Performance in the Boardroom, Classroom or on the Athletic Field.
For more information click  on link provided  courtesy of Web MD 
Who Can Provide Neurofeedback?
According to Biofeedback Certification Insitute of America  the certifying body for Neurofeedback Practioners
Certification in EEG Biofeedback is open to professionals from clinical health care areas including, but not limited to, Medicine Psychology, Nursing (includes all licensed RNs), Counseling, and Therapy who hold a Bachelors or Higher degree from a regionally accredited academic institution.  "Regionally accredited academic institution” refers to an Accredited Institution of Postsecondary Education as determined by the American Council on Education

 Surface Electromyography (sEMG)

What is EMG?                                           

The letters EMG represent “electromyography,” which refers to the measurement of muscle electrical activity.

Electromyography (EMG) is a technique for evaluating and recording physiologic properties of muscles at rest and while contracting. EMG is performed using an instrument called an electromyograph, to produce a record called an electromyogram. An electromyograph detects the electrical potential generated by muscle cells when these cells contract, and also when the cells are at rest.

The Muscle

The electrical source is the muscle membrane potential of about -70mV. Due to the applied method, the resulting measured potentials range between less than 50 μV and 20 to 30 mV.


Typical repetition rate of muscle unit firing is about 7–20 Hz, depending on the size of the muscle (eye muscles versus seat (gluteal) muscles), previous axonal damage and other factors. Damage to motor units can be expected at ranges between 450 and 780 mV.Surface electromyography (sEMG) is a recent development emerging from the field of biofeedback. Biofeedback has been practiced in one form or another for most of this century, really emerging as a discipline in the late 1960's. One of the principle components of biofeedback was the use of electrodes to monitor muscle activity. This became known as surface electromyography in order to distinguish it from needle electromyography as practiced in neurology.

What is the difference between needle EMG and surface EMG?
Needle EMG is performed with a needle electrode penetrated through the skin and directly into the muscle. This provides information about a single muscle fiber rather than information on the overall condition of a muscle. Surface EMG technology allows information regarding the overall muscle function and condition to be collected from the surface of the skin. This process is non-invasive and non-painful to the patient. 

How does Surface EMG work?

Sensors placed on the skin directly above the muscles detect the small electric potential, or signal, which comes from active muscles. The strength and pattern of the signal is displayed on a computer screen and the data is collected in a software program that is able to run various analyses of the data to create useful reports regarding muscle function in a graphic  for interpretation.

Uses of surface EMG

sEMG feedback is used for general relaxation training and is the primary modality for treatment of pelvic floor muscle re-education (incontinence), headache, bruxism and temporomandibular joint problems, chronic pain, muscle spasm and partial paralysis, speech disorder or other muscular dysfunction due to injury, stroke, or congenital disorders. Physical rehabilitation  is through neuromuscular re-education.


The Establishment of  treatment goals.

Stress Management

Pain Management (Complicated, Chronic and Fibromyalgia)

  • Help determine where the pain is and what activities may be causing it.
  • Help determine what type of treatment is appropriate and what muscles should be targeted during the treatment in conjunction with your Physician.

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Michigan  Speech and  Sensory Center
Bad Axe , Michigan